Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV is a virus that is transmitted through body fluids through sexual contact, needle sharing, as well as mother to baby. The virus attacks the immune system and causes the CD4 cells, what helps fight infections, to be low (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). There have been great strides made, since the first diagnoses in the early 1980s, when it comes to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (National Prevention Information Network, 2017). The ELISA or the rapid HIV test is used to test someone for HIV. If the individual is positive, a confirmation test called the Western Blot test is done to confirm these results (Lawrence & Ashely, 2018). It is mandatory that all practitioners and laboratories report positive results to the local or state health department. The state department will then send this information to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (Hartog, 2013). When treated with the correct antiretroviral therapy (ART) patients can remain in the clinical latency phase for decades and live a normal life and are less likely to infect others at this stage (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2018). While there has been a national decrease of new HIV cases, Florida is seeing an increase in new HIV cases (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2017). For family nurse practitioners mainly seeing patients in the clinic setting, it is important that prevention is key and, education and screening needs to be the focus to help reduce the new cases of HIV. While it is not possible to prevent all cases of new HIV, we must make sure that individuals that are infected with HIV have the resources to receive their ART regimen and take it correctly.
What do you think would be an intervention to help decrease the amount of new HIV interventions?
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