There are many known chronic diseases some of which can be improved and/or maintained with physical activity. For example, diabetes and obesity are two conditions that can be markedly improved with a physical activity routine. Many people with diabetes are able to manage their disease by dieting and exercising alone rather than taking medication. Obesity is another chronic condition that can be improved with exercise although it can sometimes take a lot of effort, coaching, and motivation everyone should have some type of physical activity whenever possible. The benefits of regular exercise can reduce risks for heart attack, weight gain, high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure and even some cancers (Physical Activity – It’s Important, 2018). The WHO (World Health Organization) recommends 30 minutes of physical activity daily along with a healthy diet (Physical Inactivity a leading cause of disease and disability, warns WHO, 2018). Eating a healthy diet does not mean you have to stop eating what you like, but eating in moderation along with healthier choices is best.
Research has shown physical activity to be beneficial and it has become more of an intervention tool. Research is often challenged to provide a valid and reliable measure that is adequate and meets the question or design of the research. Questionnaires are most common and are solely dependent on the participants but sadly are deemed to be inconsistent. However, they are cost effective, simpler to use and more accurate (Sylvia L.) .
2. Five chronic diseases that can be positively influenced by regular participation in regular physical activity are; cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, colon cancer & prostate cancer (Durstine, 2013). The two have chosen to describe are cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Cardiovascular disease includes the following diseases coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, rheumatic heart diseases, congenital heart disease, deep vein thrombosis & pulmonary embolism (Durstine, 2013). Cardiovascular disease is also the most common chronic disease in the world (Durstine, 2013). One thing in common with patients that have cardiovascular disease is patients are physically inactive. When adding physical activity and diet to patients with cardiovascular disease, their symptoms decrease (Durstine, 2013). Type 2 diabetes is very common in the United States as well about 24 million people had diabetes in the year 2009 (Durstine, 2013). When adding regular physical activity to type 2 diabetes patients, symptoms improve as well as mortality and morbidity. Some of the pros I have come across when logging data about my physical activity are; trying to constantly out due myself, cheap and relatively easy to do. Some of the cons about keeping a log are; it can be inaccurate unless done digitally. Another that could be a pro and a con is if I was to be inactive for a few weeks and looked at a previous log I would get annoyed with myself to see how far I’ve fallen behind but at the same time it could motivate me to get back to those numbers.
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